With so much focus on cryptocurrency price action, security and regulatory concerns, and speculative sentiment, it’s easy to forget the philosophical and cultural drivers that brought cryptocurrencies into existence.

It’s also easy to forget that cryptocurrencies are part of larger assemblage that articulates itself across at least three different spheres—monetary, industrial/technological, and cultural/political.

If you are interested in the cultural and political perspectives that brought rise to this phenomenon, here is a compilation of seminal texts that may be of interest to you.




The risk of loss in the trading of stocks, options, futures, foreign exchanges, foreign equities, and bonds can be substantial and is not suitable for all investors. Trading on margin or the use of leverage is not suitable for all investors and losses exceeding your initial deposit is possible. Supporting documentation is available upon request. Trading futures, options on futures, and foreign exchanges involves substantial risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Carefully consider whether trading is suitable for you in light of your circumstances, knowledge, and financial resources and only risk capital should be used. Opinions, market data, and recommendations are subject to change at any time. The lower the margin used the higher the leverage and therefore increases your risk. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.